Ohio Background Check
What is Background Check?
A background check or background investigation is the process of researching and compiling past information on an individual. This information is usually gleaned from public records held by government organizations and departments. They include arrest records (warrants, felony and misdemeanor charges, incarcerations, sex offenses), vital records (marriage and divorce records, birth and death certificates, civil court hearings), property records (owned property, estimated values, purchased goods used as collateral), background check records (bankruptcy records, places of residence, occupancies at that residence, and how long people lived there
The amount of background check information presented on StateRecords.org will vary from individual to individual as well as by what resources were used to collect the information, because different sources, which are publicly available, often have a non-standardized town, county and state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes.
In the United States, a county is a political and geographic subdivision of a state, usually assigned some level of governmental authority. Many counties are divided into smaller political or governmental units, which may provide governmental or public services. The importance of the county infrastructure lays on the court legal procedures and incarceration infrastructure. Most court cases in Ohio courts begin in one of the 88 superior or trial courts located in each of the state’s 88 counties. Each county demonstrates a judicial power and legal power by its courts. All small claim cases are assigned to the county courthouses, leaving these courthouses with executive power over a sentence of the case.
Ohio Department of Correction and Rehabilitation is entitled to govern the majority of the imprisonment in the state of Ohio, excluding juvenile incarceration, federal prisons, and county jails. The state of Ohio registers 28 state prisons held by the Ohio Department of Correction and Rehabilitation, one federal prison, which is one of the Federal Correctional Institutions in the United States, and three juvenile facilities held by the Ohio Division of Juvenile Justice.
A criminal record is defined as an official document that records a person’s criminal history including arrest records, warrant records, felony records, misdemeanor records, and sex offender registration information. The information is assembled and updated from local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, but the majority of Ohio criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report.
Civil records are the documents which keep and maintain all records regarding a person’s most important life events. These records compile such documents as birth certificates, marriage records, divorce records, and death certificates. All the available records are gathered and stored in a permanent central registry state entity that is used to develop statistical analysis of its population presenting it to the public in a report. The records are compiled from the information presented by the bureaus of statistic and vital records, civil court cases, and vital indexes.
Bankruptcy is the legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay the debts it owes to creditors. In most jurisdictions, bankruptcy is imposed by a court order, often initiated by the debtor. While bankruptcy cases are always filed in United States Bankruptcy Court, an adjunct to the United State District Courts, bankruptcy cases, particularly with respect to the validity of claims and exemptions, are often dependent upon State law. The United States Code signed six types of bankruptcy under the Bankruptcy Code. The most common types of personal bankruptcy for individuals are addressed in Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 which compromise straight bankruptcy and Wage Earner Bankruptcy.
Why are Background Checks is available to the Public?
In 1963, the Ohio State Legislature passed the Ohio Open Records Law. This law was last amended in 2008 and aims to make sure disclosure of court records and other public records to the public is available for inspection and documentation. Every person throughout the state can request access to all public records through the assigned specialized offices within its determined terms. The availability of the records extends to vital records, court records, criminal records, and bankruptcy information as these cases are governed by the Ohio District Courts.
What Background Check Access Means to the Public?
The law is similar to the Ohio Open Meeting Law, which legislates the methods by which public meetings are held. The Ohio Open Records Law is a series of documents signed by the legislature to grant access to all public records at all government levels in the state of Ohio to any citizen of the United States.